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Badgers and their setts are protected under the Protection of Badgers Act (1992) which makes it an offence to kill, injure, interfere with or take a badger. It also makes it an offence to damage or interfere with an active sett unless a licence is obtained.


Badgers are an easily recognisable and very social nocturnal species. They live in an underground network of chambers and tunnels called a sett. A main sett can have several entrances.

If the presence of badgers is suspected on a development site then an assessment will need to be carried out to decide whether or not a development licence might be required for any proposed construction works.

Badger surveys can utilise various techniques, including the following:

Badger gate
One way badger gate (used to relocate badgers from an active sett)
  • A day time walk over of the site (winter can be easier when vegetation has died back);
  • Use of wildlife video cameras, triggered by movement and able to capture images at night; and
  • Bait marking (useful to check ranges of badgers and to see if setts are linked with the same clan).

At Phlorum we have experience of obtaining badger licenses for a wide range of projects for both development and non-development purposes. This includes planned disturbance close to a sett, temporary closure of a sett, removal of a sett and/or creation of artificial setts.

Contact us for advice if you think badgers are causing an issue that might require further investigation. We are happy to have a free, no obligation chat to see how we can help.

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